Updated: Jul 20, 2019
During a complete eye exam, your eye doctor will not only determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, but will also check your eyes for eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team and evaluate your eyes as an indicator of your overall health.
A comprehensive eye exam includes a number of tests and procedures to examine and evaluate the health of your eyes and the quality of your vision. These tests range from simple ones, like having you read an eye chart, to complex tests, such as using a high-powered lens to examine the health of the eye.
The American Optometric Association (AOA) recommends an annual eye exam for any adult who wears eyeglasses or contacts. If you don’t normally need vision correction, you should have your eyes examined every 2 years. Doctors often recommend more frequent examinations for adults with diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders, because many diseases can have an impact on vision and eye health.
Because the risk of eye disease continues to increase with advancing age, everyone over the age of 70 should be examined annually.
Children’s eye exams are very important and are different from an adult’s exam. Some experts estimate that approximately 5% to 10% of pre-schoolers and 25% of school-aged children have vision problems. According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), all children should have their eyes examined at 6 months of age, at age 3 and again at the start of school. The AOA recommends that children who wear eyeglasses or contact lenses should have their eyes examined at least every year. Children without vision issues or risk factors should have their eyes examined every 2 years throughout school.
Common risk factors for children’s vision problems include:
premature birth developmental delays
turned or crossed eyes family history of eye disease history of eye injury other physical illness or disease
Issues with headaches, reading or concentration can be vision related as well. Give your kids the best chance for success in school- schedule their eye exam.